In the novel After Dark by Haruki Murakami, the lines between good and evil are blurred and Murakami suggests that both of these natures exist in everyone. We can see this first and foremost in the way the story is narrated- the story is not presented in first person and hence we are given a very objective point of view. We are not immediately aware of who is the protagonist and antagonist of our story and Murakami mentions many times that we are merely “observers”.
Another place that the delineation between good and evil is blurred is when we meet the man who beat up the prostitute at Alphaville. Upon meeting him we are surprised to find that he seems like a very ordinary man and Murakami makes the suggestion that perhaps the man was forced to do this: “He does not look like the kind of man who would buy a Chinese prostitute in a love hotel- and certainly not one who would administer an unmerciful pounding to such a woman…. In fact, however, that is exactly what he did- what he had to do” (Murakami 99). Once we figure out who our villain might be, the rug is pulled from under us and the neutrality of the story- as in between good and evil- is maintained.
Finally, when Takahashi is describing to Mari why it is that he wanted to become a lawyer, he notes the discovery of the dual presence of both good and evil in every person and how this peaked his curiosity to explore this further. He notes how “…that there really was no such thing as a wall separating their world [evil] from mine [good]” (Murakami 117). Takahashi also admits that he cried when a criminal was sentenced to death and asks us “Why should that have been?” (Murakami 120). Perhaps, it is because of his realization that not only evil, but good as well, resides in these criminals and that the criminals may not be all that different from himself. In this way, Murakami manages to not provide us with a protagonist or antagonist, and blurs the lines between good and evil- at least thus far.