In both The Tempest and Robinson Crusoe, we see slavery and racism occur at its most. Both novels involve a character/characters being treated unfairly or as a servant by another character in the novel. In comparison, they (slavery and racism) both occur similarly and differently throughout the two novels. In The Tempest, both racism and slavery centers aroung Caliban, who is constantly teased about his appearance and called a beast while being enslaved. In Robinson Crusoe, we see slavery occur when Crusoe’s ship is taken over by the Moorish pirates and he becomes enslaved by them.
Slavery is similar in these two novels because in both novels, a character is taken into enslavement by another individual. In The Tempest, Caliban is a servant of Prospero and in Robinson Crusoe, Crusoe is a slave of the Moorish pirates. They differ because Caliban is only one of the many servants Prospero has, whereas Crusoe is the only slave of a group of pirates. Throughout Robinson Crusoe, we see him trying to escape towards freedom.
Racism occurs in both novels as well. We see Caliban being teased and called a “beast”, not even considered being a human. Then Crusoe after being captured as a slave by the Moorish pirates, he still classifies himself as “above” his owners. He looks down on most throughout the novel, feeling he is the “best” and no one comes above him. He even teaches his parent to become self-awared of him and recites “Poor Robin Crusoe…where have you been?” This quote goes to show Crusoe is very aware of hisself and wants others to be so, as well.